At a crucial period for the early Reformation, Frederick protected Luther from the Pope and the emperor, and took him into custody at the Wartburg castle after the Diet of Worms (1521), which put Luther under the imperial ban.
Why did Frederick protect Luther?
Frederick ensured that Martin Luther would be heard before the Diet of Worms in 1521 and secured an exemption from the Edict of Worms for Saxony. Frederick collected many relics in his castle church; his inventory of 1518 listed 17,443 items, including a thumb from St.
Which elector supported Martin Luther in his movement?
The Elector Frederick persuaded the pope to have Luther examined at Augsburg, where the Imperial Diet was held. Over a three-day period in October 1518, Luther defended himself under questioning by papal legate Cardinal Cajetan.
What happened when Luther was brought before the Diet of Worms?
What happened when Luther was brought before the Diet of Worms? He refused to take back his teachings and was declared a heretic by the emperor. The emperor forbade the printing of his writings.
Did Martin Luther believed that doing good works was essential to achieve salvation?
Martin Luther, who opposed antinomianism, is recorded as stating, “Works are necessary for salvation but they do not cause salvation; for faith alone gives life.”
Did Martin Luther translate the Bible into German?
Luther continued to make improvements to the text until 1545. It was the first full translation of the Bible into German which referenced the original Hebrew and Greek texts and not only the Latin Vulgate translation.
How did Martin Luther changed the world?
Martin Luther, a 16th-century monk and theologian, was one of the most significant figures in Christian history. His beliefs helped birth the Reformation—which would give rise to Protestantism as the third major force within Christendom, alongside Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.
Was Martin Luther burned at the stake?
Luther’s works were to be burned in public, and all Christians who owned, read, or published them faced automatic excommunication as well. Luther now had reason to fear for his life: the punishment for heresy was burning at the stake.
What did the 95 theses say?
Martin Luther posts 95 theses
In his theses, Luther condemned the excesses and corruption of the Roman Catholic Church, especially the papal practice of asking payment—called “indulgences”—for the forgiveness of sins.
Did Martin Luther go to the Diet of Worms?
On April 17, 1521, Luther went before the Diet. … In May, after most of the rulers had left, a rump Diet headed by Emperor Charles V passed the Edict of Worms, which banned Luther’s writings and declared him a heretic and an enemy of the state.
What did Martin Luther say at the Diet of Worms?
According to tradition, Luther is said to have declared “Here I stand, I can do no other,” before concluding with “God help me. Amen.” However, there is no indication in the transcripts of the Diet or in eyewitness accounts that he ever said this, and most scholars now doubt these words were spoken.
Why is Martin Luther a heretic?
In January 1521, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther. Three months later, Luther was called to defend his beliefs before Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms, where he was famously defiant. For his refusal to recant his writings, the emperor declared him an outlaw and a heretic.
Can you be saved by faith alone?
Faith Alone. God’s Word says that we are saved by grace through faith in Christ Jesus and not by our own efforts or works (Ephesians 2:8-9). Grace Alone. … Our best efforts can never be good enough to earn salvation, but God declares us righteous for Christ’s sake.
Why do Protestants not believe in purgatory?
The classic Protestant argument against Purgatory, aside from the lack of biblical support, is that Jesus’ death eliminated the need for any afterlife redress of sin. Catholics reply that divine mercy doesn’t exonerate a person from the need to be transformed.
What were Martin Luther’s 3 main beliefs?
Luther’s main ideal 3. The priesthood of all believers. Salvation by faith alone. Faith in god was the only way of salvation.