On February 12, 1968, 1,300 Black sanitation workers in Memphis began a strike to demand better working conditions and higher pay. Their stand marked an early fight for financial justice for workers of color as part of the civil rights movement. The strike also drew Martin Luther King, Jr.
Why did MLK go to Memphis in 1968?
Early in the evening on April 4, 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. stepped out onto the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TN. … King was in Memphis as part of his “Poor People’s Campaign.” He was fighting for better housing, wages, workplace safety and schools for the underprivileged.
What prompted the strike in 1968?
The Memphis sanitation strike began on February 12, 1968, in response to the deaths of sanitation workers Echol Cole and Robert Walker. … The Memphis sanitation strike prompted Martin Luther King Jr.’s presence, where he famously gave the “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop” speech a day before his assassination.
What event happened in Memphis TN in 1968?
Longstanding tensions between disgruntled African American sanitation workers and Memphis city officials erupted on February 12, 1968 when nearly one thousand workers refused to report to work demanding higher wages, safer working conditions, and recognition of their union, local 1733 of the American Federation of …
What brought MLK to the civil rights movement?
Born in Atlanta, Georgia, King’s exceptional oratorical skills and personal courage first attracted national attention in 1955, when he and other civil rights activists were arrested after leading a boycott of a Montgomery, Alabama, transportation company which required nonwhites to surrender their seats to whites, and …
Why was MLK Jr in Tennessee?
Internationally acclaimed spokesman of the Civil Rights movement Martin Luther King Jr. … King was in Memphis in an attempt to raise awareness of and support for a strike of Memphis sanitation workers, most of whom were poorly paid African Americans.
Why was Martin Luther King in Memphis the day he died?
It was on this day in 1968 that civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. was killed by an assassin’s bullet in Memphis. … On the day of his death, King was in Tennessee to help support a sanitation workers’ strike.
What did the placards carried by the striking sanitation workers in Memphis in 1968 read?
Then on February 12, 1968, about 1000 of the city’s 1100 sanitation workers went on strike. That strike soon revealed deep divisions within Memphis. … That is why the strikers wore signs reading “I AM A MAN.” The pay for a sanitation worker in 1968 was $1.80 per hour.
What happened in Memphis during the civil rights movement?
In 1954, the national NAACP won the hard fought court battle Brown v. Board of Education. While the ruling was supposed to end legal segregation in schools, most states and cities, including Memphis and Tennessee, developed ways to circumvent the law. …
Who was the mayor of Memphis in 1968?
Henry Loeb III (December 9, 1920 – September 8, 1992) was an American politician of the Democratic Party, who was mayor of Memphis, Tennessee for two separate terms in the 1960s, from 1960 through 1963, and 1968 through 1971.
What date did Dr King give his I Have a Dream Speech?
On August 28, 1963, Martin Luther King Jr., delivered a speech to a massive group of civil rights marchers gathered around the Lincoln memorial in Washington DC.
Who came to speak and march in Memphis during the sanitation workers strike in 1968?
Martin Luther King Jr. came to Memphis to march with the sanitation workers. It was there in that King was assassinated outside his motel room the evening of April 4, 1968. (This was one year to the date after his speech against the Vietnam War at Riverside Church.)
What event happened in 1960?
What happened in 1960 Major News Stories include US Enters Vietnam War, The IRA starts it’s fight against the British, John F Kennedy wins presidential Election , Chubby Chequer and The twist start a new dance craze, Soviet missile shoots down the US U2 spy plane, Aluminum Cans used for the first time, The US announces …
How did Martin Luther King start his movement?
As the leader of the nonviolent Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s, Martin Luther King Jr. traversed the country in his quest for freedom. His involvement in the movement began during the bus boycotts of 1955 and was ended by an assassin’s bullet in 1968. … King was raised in an activist family.
How did Martin Luther King changed the world?
led a civil rights movement that focused on nonviolent protest. Martin Luther King’s vision of equality and civil disobedience changed the world for his children and the children of all oppressed people. He changed the lives of African Americans in his time and subsequent decades.
What laws did Martin Luther King change?
Martin Luther King Jr. won the Nobel Peace Prize, and Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This law made it illegal to treat people differently because of the color of their skin when they were trying to buy a house, rent an apartment or go to a restaurant, for example.