What is the hierarchy of the Orthodox Church?
The three major orders in the Orthodoxy are: Bishops, Presbyters and Deacons. The two minor orders are: Subdeacon and Reader. Initially there were other sub orders like the exorcists, doorkeepers and acolytes but are not applicable any more.
What are the branches of the Orthodox Church?
Major branches or families of Eastern Christianity, each of which has a distinct theology and dogma, include the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox communion, the Eastern Catholic Churches and the Assyrian Church of the East.
What are Orthodox priests called?
The Eastern Orthodox Church often refers to presbyters in English as priests (priest is etymologically derived from the Greek presbyteros via the Latin presbyter). … Priests are often styled as the Reverend (Rev.) and therefore referred to as the Reverend Father (Rev. Fr.).
Who are the leaders of the Orthodox Church?
The nominal head of the Eastern Orthodox Churches is the Patriarch of Constantinople. However, he is only first among equals and has no real authority over Churches other than his own.
What are some important features of the Orthodox Church?
The Church building is divided into three main parts: the narthex (vestibule), the nave (the temple proper) and the sanctuary (also called the altar or holy place). A major difference of traditional Orthodox churches from Western churches is the absence of any pews in the nave.
Who is the current leader of the Orthodox Church?
The ecumenical patriarch (Greek: Οἰκουμενικός Πατριάρχης, romanized: Oikoumenikós Patriárchis; Turkish: Konstantinopolis ekümenik patriği) is the archbishop of Constantinople–New Rome and ranks as primus inter pares (first among equals) among the heads of the several autocephalous churches that make up the Eastern …
Which is older Catholic or Orthodox?
Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all. … The Orthodox represents the original Christian Church because they trace their bishops back to the five early patriarchates of Rome, Alexandria, Jerusalem, Constantinople and Antioch.
What Bible is used in the Orthodox Church?
The Orthodox Study Bible uses the New King James Version of the Bible as the basis for a fresh translation of the Septuagint text. The Septuagint is the Greek version of the Bible used by Christ, the Apostles, and the early church.
Is Orthodox different from Catholic?
The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. In this way, they are similar to Protestants, who also reject any notion of papal primacy.
What do you call an Orthodox priest wife?
June 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) Presbytera (Greek: πρεσβυτέρα, pronounced presvytéra) is a Greek title of honor that is used to refer to a priest’s wife. It is derived from presbyteros—the Greek word for priest (literally, “elder”).
Do Orthodox priests marry?
The vast majority of Orthodox parish clergy are married men, which is one of the major differences between the Orthodox and Catholic Churches; however, they must marry before being ordained.
How do Orthodox priests get paid?
Though the average salary for a Greek orthodox priest is about $76,141, this may vary quite significantly. As a senior priest working in this capacity can expect to earn upwards of $100,000 and a priest just starting out may earn somewhere around $40,000, you see that experience plays a big role in the salary earned.
What is the difference between Christianity and Greek Orthodox?
Orthodox: Conforming to approved doctrine. Christian: Follower Of Christ. … Protestants confess straight to God, Catholic confess mortal sins to a Priest, and venial sins straight to God (Orthodox have similar practice) Anglicans confess to Priests but considered optional. God always forgives sins in Jesus.
How do Orthodox make the sign of the cross?
The sign of the cross is made by touching the hand sequentially to the forehead, lower chest or stomach, and both shoulders, accompanied by the Trinitarian formula: at the forehead In the name of the Father (or In nomine Patris in Latin); at the stomach or heart and of the Son (et Filii); across the shoulders and of …
Why did the Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church?
The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.